The Race to Nowhere in Youth Sports
“My 4th grader tried to play basketball and soccer last year,” a mom recently told me as we sat around the dinner table after one of my speaking engagements. “It was a nightmare. My son kept getting yelled at by both coaches as we left one game early to race to a game in the other sport. He hated it.”
“I know,” said another. “My 10 year old daughter’s soccer coach told her she had to pick one sport, and start doing additional private training on the side, or he would give away her spot on the team.”
So goes the all too common narrative for American youth these days, an adult driven, hyper competitive race to the top in both academics and athletics that serves the needs of the adults, but rarely the kids. As movies such as “The Race to Nowhere” and recent articles such as this one from the Washington Post point out, while the race has a few winners, the course is littered with the scarred psyches of its participants. We have a generation of children that have been pushed to achieve parental dreams instead of their own, and prodded to do more, more, more and better, better, better. The pressure and anxiety is stealing one thing our kids will never get back; their childhood.
The movie and article mentioned above, as well as the book The Overachievers: The Secret Lives of Driven Kids, highlight the dangerous path we have led our children down in academics. We are leading them down a similar path in sports as well.
The path is a race to nowhere, and it does not produce better athletes. It produces bitter athletes who get hurt, burnout, and quit sports altogether.
As I said to my wife recently, the hardest thing about raising two kids these days, when it comes to sports, is that the vast majority of the parents are leading their kids down the wrong path, but not intentionally or because they want to harm their kids. They love their kids, but the social pressure to follow that path is incredible. Even though my wife and I were collegiate athletes, and I spend everyday reading the research, and studying the latest science on the subject, the pressure is immense. The social pressure is like having a conversation with a pathological liar; he is so good at lying that even when you know the truth, you start to doubt it. Yet that is the sport path many parents are following.
The reason? FEAR!
We are so scared that if we do not have our child specialize, if we do not get the extra coaching, or give up our entire family life for youth sports, our child will get left behind. Even though nearly every single parent I speak to tells me that in their gut they have this feeling that running their child ragged is not helpful, they do not see an alternative. Another kid will take his place. He won’t get to play for the best coach. “I know he wants to go on the family camping trip,” they say, “but he will just have to miss it again, or the other kids will get ahead of him.”
This system sucks.
It sucks for parents, many of whom do not have the time and resources to keep one child in such a system, never mind multiple athletes. There are no more family trips or dinners, no time or money to take a vacation. It causes parents untold stress and anxiety, as they are made to feel guilty by coaches and their peers if they don’t step in line with everyone else. “You are cheating your kid out of a scholarship” they are told, “They may never get this chance again.”
It sucks for coaches who want to develop athletes for long term excellence, instead of short term success. The best coaches used to be able to develop not only better athletes, but better people, yet it is getting hard to be that type of coach. There are so many coaches who have walked away from sports because while they encourage kids to play multiple sports, other unscrupulous coaches scoop those kids up, and tell them “if you really want to be a player, you need to play one sport year round. That other club is short changing your kid, they are not competitive.” The coach who does it right gives his kids a season off, and next thing you know he no longer has a team.
And yes, most importantly, it sucks for the kids. Any sports scientist or psychologist will tell you that in order to pursue any achievement activity for the long term, children need ownership, enjoyment and intrinsic motivation. Without these three things, an athlete is very likely to quit.
Children need first and foremost to enjoy their sport. This is the essence of being a child. Kids are focused in the present, and do not think of long term goals and ambitions. But adults do. They see “the opportunities I never had” or “the coaching I wish I had” as they push their kids to their goals and not those of the kids.
They forget to give their kids the one thing they did have: A CHILDHOOD! They forget to give them the ability to find things they are passionate about, instead of choosing for them. They forget that a far different path worked pretty darn well for them.
So why this massive movement, one that defies all science and psychology, to change it?
We need to wise up and find a better path.
Parents, start demanding sports clubs and coaches that allow your kids to participate in many sports. You are the customers, you are paying the bills, so you might as well start buying a product worth paying for. You have science on your side, and you have Long Term Athletic Development best practices on your side. Your kids do not deserve or need participation medals and trophies, as some of you are so fond of saying, but they do deserve a better, more diverse youth sports experience.
Coaches, you need to wise up as well. You are the gatekeepers of youth sports, the people who play God, and decide who gets in, and who is kicked to the curb. You know the incredible influence of sport in your life, so stop denying it to so many others. Are you so worried about your coaching ability, or about the quality of the sport you love, to think that if you do not force kids to commit early they will leave? Please realize that if you are an amazing coach with your priorities in order, and you teach a beautiful game well, that kids will flock to you in droves, not because they have to, but because they want to!
Every time you ask a 9 year old to choose one sport over another you are diminishing participation in the sport you love by 50%. WHY?
To change this we must overcome the fear, the guilt and the shame.
We are not bad parents if our kids don’t get into Harvard, and we are not bad parents if they do not get a scholarship to play sports in college. We should not feel shame or guilt every time our kid does not keep up with the Jones’s, because, when it comes to sports, the Jones’s are wrong.
As this recent article from USA Lacrosse stated, college coaches are actually looking to multi sport athletes in recruiting. Why? Because they have an upside, they are better all around athletes, they are not done developing, and they are less likely to burnout.
You cannot make a kid into something she is not by forcing them into a sport at a very young age, and pursuing your goals and not your child’s goals. Things like motivation, grit, genetics and enjoyment have too much say in the matter.
What you can do, though, is rob a child of the opportunity to be a child, to play freely, to explore sports of interest, to learn to love sports and become active for life.
Chances are great that your children will be done with sports by high school, as only a select few play in college and beyond. Even the elite players are done at an age when they have over half their life ahead of them. It is not athletic ability, but the lessons learned from sport that need to last a lifetime.
Why not expose them to as many of those lifelong lessons as possible?
Why not take a stand?
Why don’t we stop being sheep, following the other sheep down a road to nowhere that both science and common sense tells us often ends badly?
It is time to stop being scared, and stand up for your kids. Read a book on the subject, pass on this article to likeminded people, bring in a speaker to your club and school, but do something to galvanize people to act.
There are more of us who want to do right by the kids than there are those whose egos and wallets have created our current path. We have just been too quite for too long. We have been afraid to speak up, and afraid to take a stand. We are far too willing to throw away our child’s present for some ill fated quest for a better future that rarely materializes, and is often filled with so much baggage that we would never wish for such a future for our kids.
If you think your child will thank you for that, then you probably stopped reading awhile ago.
But if you want to get off the road to nowhere in youth sports, and to stop feeling guilty about it, then please know you are not alone. Our voice is growing stronger every day. We can create a new reality, with new expectations that put the athletes first.
We can put our children on a road to somewhere, one paved with balanced childhoods, exploration, enjoyment, and yes, multiple sports.
Someday our kids will thank us.
The Greatest Burden a Child Must Bear
January 6, 2016 | by Fred Engh, Huffington Post Sports
“The greatest burden a child must bear is the unlived life of its parents.”
The above quote came from Carl Jung, the famed Swiss psychologist. He would have had a field day if he ever saw the parents of kids playing sports today.
Let me give you an example of “an unlived parent” by telling you the following story:
On a plane trip I was talking to an insurance guy who asked me what the National Alliance for Youth Sports was all about. I explained to him that we were all about addressing the problems that youth sports has, in particular with the behavior of so many adults.
The more I explained, the more he seemed genuinely interested. Then all of a sudden he interrupted me in the middle of a sentence.
“You know, you’re talking about me,” he said. “I’m one of those parents that used to lose it when my kids were playing youth sports.”
He went on to relate a horrifying story about attending one of his son’s swim meets. It was a really close race and when it came down to the last lap he was screaming “go faster, go faster,” but his kid ended up losing the race.
After the event the father admitted that he had actually gone up to the edge of the pool and with everyone able to hear, said to his son, “you are the scum of the earth,” and accused him of not doing his best.
“I’ve never been able to understand myself how I could do such a thing,” the father said to me. “How could a father who really loved his son do such a thing?”
I hear a lot of these stories as I’ve traveled across the country speaking to a lot of groups and I’ve learned enough to know what question to throw out next.
I asked him what kind of an athlete he was when he was growing up.
“I was a swimmer in high school, too,” he said. “But I was nowhere as good as my son, who I felt could get a college scholarship.”
“You mean you didn’t try hard enough?” I asked with pretended surprise. I could tell from his expression that he got my point.
Calling his own son “the scum of the earth” was really a projection of his own self. Without seeing it, he had burdened his son with his own need to feel redemption for all his failures in the past. Instead of seeing swimming as a chance for his son to make new friends, be part of a team, and challenge himself to bring out his full potential, he saw it as a second chance to become a winner. Living vicariously through his son, he would erase a lot of the regrets he still carried from his own sports career.
Even the most clear-thinking, loving parents have struggled with the “vicarious” dilemma; where does encouraging end and pushing begin when it comes to their child in sports? It is a question that has perplexed adults for years and has become increasingly difficult in today’s society where what used to be the “sandlot” atmosphere has evolved into travel teams and has become all about the mindset of getting kids shown to the world, with more and more parents shoving.
And it’s sadly hurting a lot of kids and families in the long run.
Time to be better sports parents
January 28, 2016 | by Victor R. Martinez, El Paso Times
The start of a new year provides an opportunity for adults to be better sports parents.
Youth sports is athletics at its purest — at least it’s supposed to.
The joy it brings to the athlete and parents is almost as special as opening up gifts on Christmas Eve.
Think about it.
What was it like watching your son or daughter score that first touchdown, win that first race, make that first free throw or scoring that first goal? That pride and joy is felt from the sidelines to the playing fields.
As time progresses and our children get older and the games become more “important,” both player and parent tend to lose sight of what’s really important. What matters most is subjective. What may seem important to one family may not be important to another.
What should matter to everyone involved is how we make our children feel, regardless of how old they are. It doesn’t matter if they are a senior in high school or a 4-year-old T-ball player, who is more interested in catching butterflies than pop flies.
Here are a few things to remember as we start 2016:
Tell your young athlete, “I love to watch you play”
Those six words will do wonders for your child-parent relationship.
When I was coaching youth baseball, I would always remind my parents that not all players are alike. But what they do have in common is feelings.
Nothing is worse than the ride home if parents are berating their kids.
Leave it on the field. If a kid had a poor game, he knows, he doesn’t have to be reminded of it on the way home.
Support your young athlete in the decisions they make about playing
Many times kids need a break from athletics and that’s OK.
I had a problem with this as a coach. I would tell my parents that their children needed to continue playing year-round in order to get better and succeed in the future.
I was wrong.
Some kids love the sport they play and want to practice and play day and night. These are the athletes who practically sleep in their uniforms.
My son Deric loved to play baseball because all his friends played. But a lot more kids play to please their parents, and that’s not right.
You have to make sure they are playing the sport of choice because they want to. I made it a habit of asking both my sons if they wanted to play next season. If they didn’t, that was fine with me.
Cheer from the sidelines, don’t coach or officiate
As a sports parent, your job is to make sure your child gets to their practices and games on time and they have all the necessary equipment.
Coaching from the sidelines confuses them. What’s sad is, I still see it at varsity games where parents constantly question the coaching.
And the horrible way some parents treat officials? That’s another story.
Parents need to be adult enough to allow the coaches to coach and officials to officiate.
If you really think you could do a better job coaching or officiating, the new year is an opportunity to do so.
Be a team supporter
Cheer for everyone on the team and offer words of encouragement. Don’t be one of those parents who yells at the other players on your team, or worse yet, the players on the other team.
Nothing is as ugly as humiliating your child’s teammates or other team members. Many times yelling at players from another team will lead to “adults” fighting in the stands.
Refrain from yelling out, “He doesn’t have a left hand” or “He can’t hit the curve ball.” Think about how that affects the young players and their parents in the stands. Would you want a stranger yelling at your kid?
Don’t force your child to talk about the game, win or lose, unless they want to
Stay positive in the face of adversity. You can’t nit-pick everything that went wrong in the game; that’s what coaches are for. Respect that.
A lot of times, young players need time to process the game in their heads before talking about. My oldest son David used to go straight to his room after a loss. We would allow him to deal with his feelings first, and when he would emerge from his room, we would ask if he was OK or if he wanted to talk about it.
Most of time, we would talk about it and then let it go. There is always another day, another game.
The drive to make our children successes in athletics is making our children sick, or injured, or depressed.
And for that reason, make 2016 the year of backing off your kids, their coaches and the officials.